Opportunites For Learning In The Outdoors

Learning Under The Sun: Inquiry in Outdoor Science and Learning For All Seasons: Inquiry in Outdoor Science turn backyards and schoolyards into science laboratories. The sixty‑plus labs found in each manual spark curiosity, reinforce creativity, and provide a basis for a lifetime of learning about the natural wonders of the world. Each activity involving plants and animals common to most areas may be completed in forty‑five to fifty minutes or may be expanded into longer research projects. The scientific method and inquiry process is not only introduced to students, it is actively integrated as they observe organisms in the field or classroom and carry out scientific investigations.

Learning Under the Sun: Inquiry in Outdoor Science and Learning For All Seasons: Inquiry in Outdoor Science will enrich any existing life science course, or it could provide material for a separate biology/environmental science program. Labs used as a one-day-a-week activity in life science courses or in a separate field biology course, follow the national science standards recommendation that in order to learn science, students “…describe objects and events, ask questions, acquire knowledge, construct explanations of natural phenomena, test those explanations in many different ways and communicate their ideas to others.” The labs lend themselves to easily‑made adaptations for most grade levels and science backgrounds, and for integration of science across the curriculum.

 ABOUT THE AUTHOR William J. Klein is a long-time biology educator. The activities in Learning Under The Sun: Inquiry in Outdoor Science and Learning For All Seasons: Inquiry in Outdoor Science were developed through his years of teaching to provide an exciting, interesting approach to the teaching of science concepts, and an enjoyment of the study and comprehension of science.



Contents (selected): Fall----Observation: The Key To All Science, My Response to the Environment, Inquiry, One Cell Organisms, Living & Non-Living, Brine Shrimp, Aquatic Ecology, Fish Inquiry, Cell Cycle: Black worms; Monarch Butterflies, Grasshoppers, Crickets, Spiders, Population Studies, Bird Studies, Honeybees. Winter----Survival Unit, Timber Cruising, Tracks, Skull Studies, Dendrochronology. Spring ---- Spring Tree Flowers, pH, Spring Wildflowers, Lichens, Dandelion, The Amazing Milkweed, Seed Studies, Snails, Peanut Summer--Dragonflies and Damselflies, Marshes, Leaf Litter, Aphids, Sow Bugs, Leaf Utilization, Pollen Grains, Fungus. Keys: Tracks, Water Organisms, Tree Flowers, Soil Organisms, Fish, Winter Twigs, Trees, Teeth Diversity, Weeds.



Contents (selected): Fall----The Scientific Method, The Inquiry Paper, Fall Colors, The Leech, Leafhoppers, Insect Olympics, Crayfish, Fall Flowers, Species Diversity, Water Bears, Amazing Duckweed, Planarians, Decomposition. Winter----Winter Ecology, Fast Plants, Study of Ecosystems, Daphnia, Mealworms, The Fly, Jewel Wasp, Bark Beetle, Flour Beetle, Plant Propagation, Conifers, Behavior:

Spiders, Planarian, Earthworms, Humans; Horns and Antlers, Surface Area/Volume relationships. Spring----Leaf Miner, Ants, Thrips, Dissection Inquiry, Sweet Clover, Flowers, Grasses: Corn, Wheat, Rice; Iris, Ticks, Tree Wounds, Mosses, Mushrooms, Fruits, Frog Eggs. Summer------ Fireflies, Lacewings, Bess Beetles, Earthworm. Appendix----Plant Care, Common Conifers, Grasses, Seed Collection.